Chapter 32. HIV and AIDS

Larry K. Brown, M.D.; Laura B. Whiteley, M.D.; April A. Peters, M.Div.
DOI: 10.1176/appi.books.9781585623921.464064



Human immunodeficiency virus may be the prototypical biopsychosocial disease with issues at every level, from the cellular to the social, that are important to consider in psychiatric management. As will be discussed in this chapter, issues that are important in the treatment of infected patients include adherence to medical care, stigma, disclosure of infection, bereavement, and the emergence of cognitive impairment.

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TABLE 32–1. Conditions that emerge with advancing immunosuppression in HIV/AIDS
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TABLE 32–2. Etiologies of delirium in patients with HIV/AIDS
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TABLE 32–3. Antiretroviral medication classes and neuropsychiatric side effects
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TABLE 32–4. Assessing sexual risk in the clinical interview


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Which of the following epidemiological findings regarding HIV/AIDS in adolescents/young adults living in the United States is true?
The leading cause of new HIV infection in adolescents and young adults in the United States is
Which of the following mechanisms of HIV-induced neurotoxicity is believed to produce cognitive impairment?
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