Alcohol and Drug Disorders: Introduction | Prevalence of the Problems | Intervention in the Acute State | Diagnosis of Alcohol and Drug Disorders | Treatment of Alcohol and Drug Withdrawal | Complications | Neuropathological Effects | Economic Effect | Intermediate and Long-Term Treatment | Conclusion | Key Clinical Points | Recommended Readings | References
The greatest risk factors for traumatic brain injury
(TBI) are alcohol/drug use and alcohol/drug disorder
(A/DD). TBI is often an irreversible adverse consequence
of the pharmacological effects and addictive use of alcohol and
drugs. Of critical importance is that TBI is preventable. The prevention
can include many aspects, but long noted of primary importance is
the treatment of A/DD before the onset of the TBI (Brismar et al. 1983; Brooks 1984; Field 1976; Sparadeo and Gill 1989).