Personality Disorders

John G. Gunderson, M.D.
DOI: 10.1176/appi.books.9781585622986.265305



This update of the personality disorders section of Gabbard's Treatments of Psychiatric Disorders was prepared against the backdrop of three significant advances in our understanding about personality disorder psychopathology and treatment. The first of these is that longitudinal research has shown that personality disorders undergo substantial improvements (Skodol et al. 2005; Zanarini et al. 2005). The second development is the growing recognition that personality disorders have significant genetic determination (Siever et al. 2002; Torgersen et al. 2000). The third advance is that psychoanalytic psychotherapy has been manualized in a way that permits testing and replication.

Your session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.
Sign In Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.
Sign In to Access Full Content
Sign in via Athens (What is this?)
Athens is a service for single sign-on which enables access to all of an institution's subscriptions on- or off-site.
Not a subscriber?

Subscribe Now/Learn More

PsychiatryOnline subscription options offer access to the DSM-5 library, books, journals, CME, and patient resources. This all-in-one virtual library provides psychiatrists and mental health professionals with key resources for diagnosis, treatment, research, and professional development.

Need more help? PsychiatryOnline Customer Service may be reached by emailing PsychiatryOnline@psych.org or by calling 800-368-5777 (in the U.S.) or 703-907-7322 (outside the U.S.).


American Psychiatric Association: Treatments of Psychiatric Disorders: A Task Force Report of the American Psychiatric Association, Vols 1–4. Washington, DC, American Psychiatric Association, 1989
Carey G: Multivariate genetic relationships among drug abuse, alcohol abuse, and antisocial personality. Psychiatr Genet 3:141, 1993
Clarkin JF, Yeomans FE, Kernberg OF: Psychotherapy for Borderline Personality. New York, Wiley, 1999
Cohen P, Crawford TN, Johnson JG, et al: The children in the community study of developmental course of personality disorder. J Personal Disord 19:466–486, 2005
Gabbard GO (ed): Treatments of Psychiatric Disorders, 2nd Edition, Vols 1 & 2. Washington, DC, American Psychiatric Press, 1995
Gabbard GO (ed): Treatments of Psychiatric Disorders, 3rd Edition, Vols 1 & 2. Washington, DC, American Psychiatric Press, 2001
Gabbard GO, Gunderson JG, Fonagy P: The place of psychoanalytic treatments within psychiatry. Arch Gen Psychiatry 59:505–510, 2002
Gunderson JG, Gabbard GO: Making the case for psychoanalytic therapies in the current psychiatric environment. J Am Psychoanal Assoc 47:679–710, 1999
Livesley WJ: Introduction to the special feature on recent progress in the treatment of personality disorder. J Personal Disord 18:1–2, 2004
Lyons MJ, True WR, Eisen SA, et al: Differential heritability of adult and juvenile antisocial traits. Arch Gen Psychiatry 52:906–915, 1995
McGlashan TH, Grilo CM, Sanislow CA, et al: Two-year prevalence and stability of individual DSM-IV criteria for schizotypal, borderline, avoidant, and obsessive-compulsive personality disorders: toward a hybrid model of Axis II disorders. Am J Psychiatry 162:883–889, 2005
Rothbart MK, Bates JE: Temperament, in Handbook of Child Psychology, 5th Edition, Vol 3: Social, Emotional, and Personality Development. Edited by Damon M, Eisenberg N. New York, Wiley, 1998, pp 105–176
Siever LJ, Torgerson S, Gunderson JG, et al: The borderline diagnosis, III: identifying endophenotypes for genetic studies. Biol Psychiatry 51:964–968, 2002
Skodol AE, Gunderson JG, Shea MT, et al: The Collaborative Longitudinal Personality Disorders Study (CLPS). J Personal Disord 19:487–504, 2005
Torgersen S, Lygren S, Øien PA, et al: A twin study of personality disorders. Compr Psychiatry 41:416-425, 2000
Zanarini MC, Frankenburg FR, Hennen J, et al: The McLean Study of Adult Development. J Personal Disord 19:505–523, 2005
Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).
  • Print
  • PDF
  • E-mail
  • Chapter Alerts
  • Get Citation